Inyama

Uluhlu lweentlobo zenyama

Amanqaku enyama

Malunga nenyama

Inyama

Inyama kukutya okuthandwayo kwiintsapho ezininzi, ngakumbi kwimimandla ebandayo. Siza kufumanisa ukuba zeziphi iintlobo zenyama ekhoyo, ukuba ungayikhetha njani eyona mveliso intle, ukuba ungatya kangaphi ukutya kwenyama

Inyama luluhlu olubanzi lwemveliso, izihlunu zemisipha zaso nasiphi na isilwanyana esinokulungiswa kwaye silungiselelwe ngeendlela ezininzi ezahlukeneyo. Ukulungiswa ngokuchanekileyo kubaluleke kakhulu, njengoko nenyama esempilweni inokujikwa ibe kukutya okuyingozi empilweni.

Eyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu kuyo nayiphi na inyama sisixa esikhulu seprotein yezilwanyana. Inama-amino acid, ezinye zazo zibalulekile emzimbeni wethu.

Kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lwenyama, indlela yokulungiselela kunye nobudala besilwanyana, iipropathi zayo ziyahluka kakhulu. Ezona ntlobo ziphambili zenyama: bomvu, mhlophe kunye neprosesa (yokutshaya, eyomileyo, njl.

Inyama ebomvu inentsimbi eninzi, ngenxa yokuba inalo mbala. Ibandakanya inyama yenkomo, inyamakazi, inyama yehagu, imvana, inyama yehashe. Inyama emhlophe kukutya ngakumbi kwaye kuyetyetyiswa, kodwa akukho iron ingako kuyo. Oku ikakhulu inyama yenkukhu - inkukhu, irhanisi, ikalikuni.
Inyama ecutshungulwayo iphikisana kakhulu kunye neemveliso ezivela kuyo - iisoseji, iisoseji, kunye nezinye izibiliboco. Ukucutshungulwa okunjalo kubonakalisa incasa yenyama kangangoko kunokwenzeka, iyenza iqaqambe kwaye ibe “likhoboka” kakhulu ngenxa yobuninzi betyuwa, iziqholo kunye nezinye izongezo. Ngamancinci amancinci, loo mveliso ayiyi kulimaza, kodwa xa ukhetha inyama ecutshungulwayo, kufuneka uqaphele ngokusemandleni. Kukwiziqholo apho ingozi enokwenzeka ilele.

Izibonelelo zenyama

Ukongeza kwiprotheni exabisekileyo, nayiphi na inyama ityebile kwiivithamini ze-B. Ziyimfuneko kwimisebenzi ehambelanayo yazo zonke iinkqubo zomzimba. Benza inxaxheba ekubunjweni kweeseli zegazi, kwiinkqubo ze-metabolic, kwimisebenzi yengqondo.

Zininzi izinc kunye ne-selenium enyameni. Baxhasa amajoni omzimba kwaye banefuthe lokulwa ne-antioxidant. U-Selena ufumaneka kakhulu kwinyama yenkukhu.

I-Phosphorus ibalulekile kwithishu yethambo, inoxanduva lokuxinana kwayo. Ngenxa yokungabikho kwe-phosphorus, amathambo anokuqhekeka, i-osteoporosis kunye nokujika komqolo. Ukutya iprotheni yezilwanyana rhoqo kuye kwaboniswa ukunciphisa umngcipheko wokuqhekeka ukuya kuthi ga kwi-70%. Ngenxa yokunqongophala kwenyama ekutyeni, abasetyhini abanokuyeka ukuya exesheni bahlala benengxaki yotshintsho olwenzeka sisihlunu kumathambo.

Inyama, ingakumbi inyama ebomvu, yaziwa ngokuba namandla okulwa i-anemia. Oku kunokwenzeka ngenxa yentsimbi kunye neevithamini ze-B, eziyimfuneko ukuze kudityaniswe iiseli ezibomvu zegazi. Ukusetyenziswa kwenyama rhoqo kuyekisa umngcipheko we-B12 anemia kunye ne-iron anemia.
Ukutya kwenyama kuyimfuneko ngokukodwa kwiimbaleki, abantwana kunye nabantu abachacha ekusebenzeni ngokuqatha kunye nokwenzakala. Iiproteni zinegalelo kulwakhiwo lwee-amino acid kunye nokuphuhliswa kwezihlunu, ezinceda ukukhusela ekunqongophaleni kwezihlunu zemisipha. I-atrophy yezihlunu imenza umntu abe buthathaka, adimazeke, kwaye akhokelele kwezinye izifo ezimbi.

Ingozi yenyama

Kubalulekile ukuba uthathe ingqalelo kwiimpawu zakho kunye nezithintelo kwezempilo. Ukwenza oku, kufuneka udibane nogqirha wakho. Kuba kwezinye izifo (umzekelo, igawuthi) inyama ayivumelekanga, nokuba imveliso ekumgangatho ophezulu inokuba yingozi.
Rhoqo, inyama ibangela ukungezwani komzimba, ngakumbi inyama yehagu. Mhlawumbi ukungabikho komzimba kwakungekho nokutya kwenyama, kodwa kukutya izongezo kunye namayeza okubulala izilwanyana anikwe izilwanyana kwifama. Ngesi sizathu, kufuneka unikeze inyama ebantwaneni kancinci kancinci kwaye ngononophelo olukhulu. Kungcono ukuqala ngeendlela zokutya-umvundla, ikarikuni.

Yonke into ilungile ngokumodareyitha, kwaye nenyama ayikho ngaphandle. Kufunyenwe ukuba ukutya rhoqo inyama ebomvu, ngakumbi inyama eqhotsiweyo, kuxhokonxa umhlaza kungekuphela nje kwesisu, isisu kunye namathumbu, kodwa nakwidlala lobudoda, izintso nkqu nebele.

Izazinzulu zaseSwitzerland zibonakalise ikhonkco phakathi kokuthanda inyama esetyenzisiweyo (iisoseji, iisoseji) kunye nezifo zentliziyo kunye nemithambo yegazi, kunye nohlobo lwesi-2 seswekile. Ezinye iingcali zide zicaphule amanani - ingozi inyuka ngama-40%. Iimveliso ezahlukeneyo zenyama esetyenzisiweyo zihlala zinemibala, iziphuculi zencasa, kunye neprotein yesoya. Oku kunefuthe elibi kwimpilo ngokubanzi, ngoko kufuneka ufunde ngokucophelela ukubunjwa.

Ukutya okungalawulekiyo kokutya kwenyama ngokukhawuleza kukhokelela ekutyebeni nasekukhathazekeni kwamathumbu. Ekubeni inyama yinto efanelekileyo ephezulu yeekhalori.

Ungayikhetha njani inyama elungileyo

Kungcono ukuthenga inyama ebandayo kubenzi abathembekileyo. Inyama enjalo iya kuzisa olona ncedo lukhulu kwifom ebilisiweyo, ebilisiweyo kunye nokubhaka. Olona khetho lukhulu ekuphekeni izitya zenyama kukufaya kwioyile. Ngexesha lokupheka, izinto ezininzi ezinobuthi ziyenziwa. Ezinye zazo zinokuthothiswa - kungenxa yoku ukuba isiko lokutya irhasi ngeglasi yewayini, kuba itshabalalisa ezinye iityhefu. Kodwa ezinye i-carcinogens zihlala, ke kungcono ukuba ungalingi ikamva.
Akufanele utye inyama eluhlaza okanye engaphekwanga kakuhle, kuba izibungu zesidleleli zihlala zikolu hlobo. Nokuba ingqele yokuqala ayizibulali zonke iintshulube.

Kufuneka uqaphele ngakumbi xa ukhetha iimveliso zenyama: i-sausage, i-pate, i-ham, njl. Ngoko ke, ukuze bonge imali, abavelisi abaninzi basebenzisa inkunkuma yenyama, iiproteni zemifuno, neziqholo. Oku kukuvumela ukuba unciphise iindleko zemveliso kwaye, ngoncedo lwezongezo ezenziweyo, yenza i-taste ekhangayo. Xa ufunda ukubunjwa, khetha ezo mveliso zenyama apho, ukongeza kwinyama kunye neziqholo, kukho ubuncinci bezithako ezingaphandle.

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