Uluhlu lwamaKhowa

Amanqaku eMushroom

Malunga nama-mushroom

Amakhowe

Kwabaninzi, sele kulisiko - ukukhetha amakhowa kwihlathi eliluhlaza, ukuwaxobula kunye nokonwabela ukutya okunuka kamnandi ngokuhlwa, wenze amalungiselelo ebusika. Xa usetyenziswe ngokuchanekileyo, amakhowa aluncedo, kodwa kukho ingozi kubo ukuba awulandeli imigaqo elula.

Izibonelelo zamakhowa

Amakhowa bobukumkani obahlukileyo - ziindlela ezahlukeneyo zobomi kunezityalo. Amakhowa adibanisa iipropathi zezilwanyana kunye nezilwanyana, ezingenakukuchaphazela ukwenziwa kwazo.

Le mveliso yatyiwa kwakusasa impucuko ngeenjongo ezahlukeneyo. Emva koko, akukhona kuphela amakhowa atyayo, kodwa kunye neetyhefu. Babesetyenziswa ngamashaman ukungena kwilizwe elikhethekileyo kwizithethe. Isakhono sokwahlula okutyayo kumakhowa anetyhefu bekusoloko kuthakazelelwa, kwaye kungasabalulekanga kangako kubavuni be-mushroom be-amateur.

Le mveliso inamanzi phantse onke, ke nini ukomisa amakhowa athatha indawo encinci kakhulu kwaye anobunzima kancinci.
Amakhowa atyebile kwiiproteni, njengokutya kwezilwanyana. Ke ngoko, kubantu abatya inyama, yenye yezinto ezimbalwa ezinokubambela kwesi sondlo. Ezona zinesondlo ngamakhowa “ahloniphekileyo” emveli. Kodwa ngokubhekiselele kubume bayo kunye nokukwazi ukuphembelela umzimba, iintlobo ezininzi ezityiwayo azifani kakhulu enye kwenye. Rhoqo ixabiso lendidi ethile libaxiwe, umzekelo, ngenxa yokunqaba kwayo kunye nokungaqheleki.

Uninzi lwezinto eziluncedo kulutsha ziqhamo, amakhowa amadala aqokelela iityhefu ezingaphezulu nangaphezulu, kwaye ahlukaniswa kukunyuka kweselemo. Amakhowa aqukethe okuninzi Iivithamini zeB, izinto ezahlukeneyo zokulandela umkhondo: zinc, calcium, magnesium, Iodode Nabanye.

Ngenxa yobuninzi be-chitin, egaywe kakubi, izondlo azifunxwanga kakuhle kumakhowa. Kodwa i-chitin ngokwayo iluncedo. Ngaphantsi kwempembelelo yeasidi esiswini, iyajika ibe yitosan. Le nto iyakwazi ukuthoba amanqanaba e-cholesterol ngokuthintela ukufunxwa kwamafutha kunye nokubopha i-lipids. Ke, ukutya amakhowa kunokunceda ukugcina impilo ye-vascular kunye nentliziyo kunye noxinzelelo lwegazi olusezantsi.

Umonakalo wamakhowa

Amakhowe "ziziponji" zendalo, izihlanganisi zezinto eziyingozi. Ke ngoko, kubaluleke kakhulu ukubaqokelela kude neendlela kunye namashishini ukunqanda ityhefu. Kungcono ukuthatha amakhowa amancinci, kwaye kuphela lawo uqiniseke ngekhulu leepesenti kuwo. Ukuba ungathandabuzi nakancinci, sukuyibeka emngciphekweni- inokubulala.

Amakhowa aqulathe ukubunjwa kwawo i-polysaccharide chitin, ekwiqela le-carbohydrate ekunzima ukwetyisa kwaye ikufutshane nefayibha ngokwendima yayo yebhayiloji. Izisa izibonelelo ezinkulu emzimbeni wethu, kuba iyasirbent kwaye ngumthombo wesondlo kwi-microflora yamathumbu elungileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kubukho bezifo zephecana lesisu, ngakumbi xa kutyiwa amakhowa athosiweyo kwimilinganiselo yeoyile, banokucaphukisa. Kunconywa ukuba ungadli ngaphezu kwama-100-150 amagremu ama-mushroom kwisidlo esisodwa.

Ukukhetha kunye nokugcina amakhowa ngokuchanekileyo

Ukuthintela ityhefu ekutyeni, kuya kufuneka utye kuphela amakhowa aqinisekisiweyo. Oku kunokwenzeka kuphela xa kukhethwe i-mushroom picker enamava kwiindawo ezicocekileyo nezicocekileyo. Kodwa nabantu abanamava ngencwadi enokubhengeza banokwenza iimpazamo, ngenxa yoko, ekukrokreni okuncinci, kungcono ukuba ungathathi amakhowa.

Xa uqokelela, khetha iziqhamo ezincinci, musa ukuqokelela iisampulu zentshulube ngokupheleleyo. Abantu abaninzi bathatha loo makhowa ngeentshulube, "isaza kugaywa, iprotheni." Oku akuyonyani ngokupheleleyo, kuba izibungu nezinambuzane ezihleli kumakhowa zikhupha ukutya kwazo okusetyenzisiweyo okungalungelanga emathunjini. Akunakwenzeka ukuba uzityhefu ngale nto, kodwa ayonelanga ngokwaneleyo. Ukuthintela i-mushroom kwiintshulube nangakumbi, kufuneka ilungiswe kwangoko emva kokuvuna.

Ukuzikhusela, ungathenga amakhowa akhuliswe kwizindlu zokugcina ukutya. Zivavanyelwa iityhefu, zicociwe inkunkuma, kwaye ziyafumaneka unyaka wonke. Nangona, ewe, ixabiso labo liya kuba phezulu, kwaye izibonelelo zincinci.

Amakhowa amatsha agcinwa kwifriji kangangeentsuku ezininzi. Ukwandisa ubomi babo beshelfini, banokumiswa ngumkhenkce okanye bomiswe ukuze bahlale unyaka wonke. Ukugcina ngoncedo lweetyuwa kunye ukukha ayisosona sisombululo sisiso, kuba phantse zonke izondlo zilahlekile, kwaye umngcipheko wetyhefu ngenxa yokwaphula itekhnoloji uyanda.

Shiya iMpendulo