Uluhlu lweenkukhu

Amanqaku eenkukhu

Malunga neenkukhu

I inkuku

Inyama yenkukhu ithathwa njengephilileyo kunye nokutya (ayizizo zonke iintlobo kwaye ayizizo zonke iinkukhu). Ukongeza kwiprotheni, iqulethe amafutha, i-collagen. Iivithamini A, B, C, D, E, PP, kunye isinyithi kwaye zinc ikwakhona kwimveliso. Kuxhomekeka kwindawo yokuhlala kweentaka, loo nyama yahlulwe yangamacandelo amabini: yasekhaya kunye nomdlalo. Le yokugqibela inqabile ukuba ibekhona kukutya kwemihla ngemihla, njengoko ibhekisa kwizibiliboco.

Okwangoku, inyama yenkukhu ihlala ixhaphake kakhulu kubhasikidi wabathengi xa kuthelekiswa yenkomo, inyama yehashi kwaye inyama yegusha, ngenxa yexabiso layo kunye nokunambitha kunye nepropathi eziluncedo. Kuyisiko ukubhekisa kukutya kweenkuku njengokutya okuvela kwinyama yenkukhu okanye ikakhulu kuyo kunye nokutya kwenyama, iresiphi yayo ibandakanya inyama yenkukhu, nokuba ayisiyiyo eyona nto iphambili kuyo. Ukuveliswa koku kutya, inyama yeenkuku, amadada, amarhanisi, iinyosi, izagwityi ziyasetyenziswa, kunye nezinye izinto zokutya eziluhlaza ezifumaneka ngexesha lokulungiswa kweenkukhu kunye nezilwanyana zasefama. yenziwe ngamakhemikhali.

Eyona nto ixabisekileyo kwi inkukhu inyama yiprotein. Kwinkukhu kunye ikarikuni inyama, malunga neepesenti ezingama-20, kwi-goose kunye idada - kancinci kancinci. Ukongeza, iqulethe i-polyunsaturated fatty acids ubukhulu becala kunezinye iintlobo zenyama, ngenxa yokuba ayifunxwanga kakuhle ngumzimba kuphela, kodwa iyanceda ukukhusela ischemia, iposi ye-myocardial, ukubetha, uxinzelelo lwegazi, kunye nokugcina imeko eqhelekileyo Izinga lokunciphisa umzimba kunye nokwandisa amajoni omzimba.

Inyama yenkukhu ineprotein eninzi kunalo naluphi na olunye uhlobo lwenyama, ngelixa amanqatha ayo engadluli kwi-10%. Ukuthelekisa: inyama yenkukhu ineeproteni ezingama-22.5%, ngelixa inyama ye-turkey-21.2%, amadada - 17%, amarhanisi-15%. Kukho neprotein encinci kwinto ebizwa ngokuba yinyama ebomvu "ebomvu": inyama -18.4%, inyama yehagu -13.8%, itakane -14.5%. Kodwa kufuneka kugxininiswe ukuba iprotein yenyama yenkukhu iqulethe i-92% yee-amino acid eziyimfuneko ebantwini (kwiprotein yehagu, imvana, inyama yenkomo - 88.73% kunye ne-72% ngokwahlukeneyo).

Ngokomxholo omncinci wecholesterol, inyama yenkukhu yenkukhu, ebizwa ngokuba "yinyama emhlophe", ilandela emva kwayo Intlanzi. Kwinyama yeentaka zasemanzini (amarhanisi - 28-30%, amadada - 24-27%), njengomthetho, kukho amanqatha amaninzi, ngelixa iinkukhu ezisencinci zine-10-15% kuphela. Inyama yenkukhu inesixa esikhulu sevithamini B2, B6, B9, B12, evela kwizimbiwa - iphosphorus, isalfure, selenium, calcium, magnesium kwaye zobhedu.

Inyama yenkukhu iphantse yaphela: iyakunceda kwizifo zesisu ngeasidi ephezulu kwaye ukuba iphantsi. Iithambo zenyama ethambileyo, ethambileyo isebenza njengesithinteli esitsala i-asidi egqithisileyo kwisisu, isifo sesisu esikruqulayo, kunye nesilonda esiswini.

Iipropati ezikhethekileyo zenyama yenkukhu ayinakubuyiselwa endaweni ngohlobo lomhluzi oqukethe izinto ezikhutshiweyo - xa kuncitshiswe ukhuseleko, benza ukuba isisu "esonqenayo" sisebenze. Inyama yenkukhu yenye yezona zilula ukwetyisa. Kulula ukwetyisa: inyama yenkukhu inezicubu ezincinci zonxibelelwano- iclagen kunokuba, umzekelo, inyama yenkomo. Yinyama yenkuku eyinto ebalulekileyo kwisondlo kwizifo zendlela yesisu, isifo seswekile, ukutyeba kakhulu, kunye nokuthintela kunye nokunyanga izifo zentliziyo. Ukongeza, inyama yenkuku, ngaphandle komxholo weprotini ephezulu, yeyona iphantsi kwiikhalori.

Inyama yenkukhu iyabiliswa, iyabiliswa, iyosiwe, ibhaka, ii-cutlets kunye nezinye izitya ezininzi ezimnandi nezisempilweni. Nangona kunjalo, kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuba malunga nesiqingatha seevithamini zilahlekile ngexesha lonyango lobushushu, ke zonke iintlobo zesaladi, imifuno kunye nokutsha imifuno lulongezo oluhle kwiitya zeenkukhu. I-Sauerkraut eneerhanisi okanye idada nayo ilungile.

Shiya iMpendulo